Brief timeline to the History of Japan

tunimaal 16 May 2011 0
Brief timeline to the History of Japan

Brief timeline to the History of Japan 1.00/5 (20.00%) 1 vote

temple at mitake san 200x300 Brief timeline to the History of Japan

Shinto temple – Mitake san

A brief timeline to the History of Japan and the Japanese. I propose you some key dates and events that have marked the History of this country.

Around 5000 to 3000 before JC: The Joomon culture

3000 before JC to 3000 after JC: The Yayoi culture

Around 250 after JC: First unifiedprovince ofAncient Japan, Yamataikoku

YAMATO Period:

From 370: Unification ofJapan by the Yamato court – Tumulus culture

Around 400: Introduction of Kanji from China to Japan

538: Introduction of Buddhism

ASUKA period:

593: The Prince regent becomes Shootoku

607: Construction of the temple Hooryuuju in Nara

645: Taika reform (Introduction of political institutions)

NARA PERIOD 

710: transfer of the capital in Nara.

752: Dedication of the Great Buddha Temple Toodaji in Nara

HEIAN period: 

749: Transfer of the capital in Kyoto

Around 800: Formation of many Buddhist sects – Appearance of Hiragana and Katakana Syllabics – Birth of a purely Japanese culture

KAMAKURA period:

1192: Minamoto no Yorimoto, shogun named, established his shogunate in Kamakura. The samurai class extends its political and social influence. Zen develops.

1333: Fall of the shogunate Hoojoo in Kamakura

1334: Restoration of the Imperial regime of Kemmu

1336: Imperial schism: Southern court in Yoshino, Northern court in Kyoto

MUROMACHI period:

1338: Ashikaga Takauji appointed shogun, established his Muromachi shogunate in Kyoto

1392: Reunification of Northern and Southern courts

1397: Construction of the golden Pavilion

Around 1450: Development of Noo and Kyoogen. Practice of the tea ceremony and Ikebana floral arrangement.

1543: arrivel of Portuguese traders

1549: Francois-Xavier arrived in Kagoshime, spread of Christianity

AZU-MOMOYAMA period:

 1573: Collapse of the Ashikaga shogunate

1590: Toyotomi Hideyoshi unify Japan.

EDO period:

1603: Tokugawa Leyasu, named shogun, established his shogun in Edo.

1613: Ban on Christianity. Practitioners faced the death penalty.

1639: Complete closure of the country to foreigners, however, relations were maintained with Holland and China in Nagasaki (on the island of Dejima).

1853: The American Commodore Perry came to Uraga (the black boat)

1854: Treaty of friendship Japan-US

1855: treaty of friendship Japan – France

MEIJI period:

1867: Advent of the Emperor Meiji (Meiji Restoration). Restoration of political power to the imperial throne.

1868: Transfer of the capital to Tokyo (formerly Edo)

 1868: Establishment of the prefectures

1872: Decision of the education system. Adoption of the school calendar.

1889: Promulgation of the Constitution of the Great Japanese Empire.

1894 to 1895: Sino-Japanese War. Treaty of Shimonseki

1905: War against Russia. Japan was rewarded notably by getting Korea and Taiwan.

TAISHOO period:

1910: Annewation of Korea to Japan

1923: Great Kanto earthquake ofSeptember 1, 1923

1925: Act on universal suffrage

cosplayers soldiers at comiket 81 december 2011 300x220 Brief timeline to the History of Japan

Soldier at Comiket 81 – Soldats au Comiket 81

SHOOWA period:

1931: Invasion of Manchuria

1937 to 1945: Sino-Japanese war

1940: Tripartite Pact withGermany and Italy

1941: War in the Pacific andPearl Harbor

1945: August 6, 1945, the first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima – August 99, 1945, the second atomic bomb was dropped onNagasaki (Start of the occupation ofJapan by the Allies – Unconditional surrender ofJapan onAugust 15, 1945.

1946: Promulgation of the Japanese Constitution

1950-1953: Korean War

1951: Treaty of San Francisco that ended the occupation of Japan by the Allies

1964: Launch of the Shinkansen (high speed train) and the Tokyo Olympics games

1965: Nippon-Korean basic treaty

1972:Okinawa is returned toJapan by the American

1978: Peace treaty signed with China

HEISHI period:

1990’s: economic bubble burst, the beginning of political instability. The “lost” years of Japan.

1995: Great Earthquake of Hanshin-Awaji,Kobe (about 6000 people died)

1995: Sarin gas attack inTokyo subway

2011: Great Earthquake and tsunami in the Tohoku area onMarch 11, 2011. The Tsunami created a nuclear issue of great importance in Fukushima.

kamaishi iwate tohoku 6 months after the tsunami and earthquake 300x200 Brief timeline to the History of Japan

Kamaishi, Iwate, Tohoku – Tsunami photo

In all these dates in History of Japan, I want to say that we must retain some as key dates or dates that have marked a watershed in the History of this country, including modern times. Here are the ones I would remember:

  • 1639: the closure of the country to foreigners
  • 1853: the famous black boat, the American Commodore Perry arrives in Japan
  • 1868: transfer of the capital toTokyo and start of the Meiji era
  • 1923: the Great Earthquake of Kanto, which killed tens of thousands of people, especially inTokyo
  • 1931: Invasion of Manchuria
  • 1941: beginning of the Pacific war with the attack onPearl Harbor
  • 1945: nuclear bombing ofHiroshima andNagasaki,Japan’s defeat in World War 2
  • 1946: Promulgation of the Constitution of Japan
  • 1951: The treaty of San Francisco which means the departure of the allies of Japan
  • 1995: Great Earthquake inKobe
  • 2011: Great Earthquake in Tohoku, accompanied by a tsunami and theFukushima nuclear issue

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