A brief timeline to the History of Japan and the Japanese. I propose you some key dates and events that have marked the History of this country.
Around 5000 to 3000 before JC: The Joomon culture
3000 before JC to 3000 after JC: The Yayoi culture
Around 250 after JC: First unifiedprovince ofAncient Japan, Yamataikoku
From 370: Unification ofJapan by the Yamato court – Tumulus culture
Around 400: Introduction of Kanji from China to Japan
538: Introduction of Buddhism
593: The Prince regent becomes Shootoku
607: Construction of the temple Hooryuuju in Nara
645: Taika reform (Introduction of political institutions)
710: transfer of the capital in Nara.
752: Dedication of the Great Buddha Temple Toodaji in Nara
749: Transfer of the capital in Kyoto
Around 800: Formation of many Buddhist sects – Appearance of Hiragana and Katakana Syllabics – Birth of a purely Japanese culture
1192: Minamoto no Yorimoto, shogun named, established his shogunate in Kamakura. The samurai class extends its political and social influence. Zen develops.
1333: Fall of the shogunate Hoojoo in Kamakura
1334: Restoration of the Imperial regime of Kemmu
1336: Imperial schism: Southern court in Yoshino, Northern court in Kyoto
1338: Ashikaga Takauji appointed shogun, established his Muromachi shogunate in Kyoto
1392: Reunification of Northern and Southern courts
1397: Construction of the golden Pavilion
Around 1450: Development of Noo and Kyoogen. Practice of the tea ceremony and Ikebana floral arrangement.
1543: arrivel of Portuguese traders
1549: Francois-Xavier arrived in Kagoshime, spread of Christianity
1573: Collapse of the Ashikaga shogunate
1590: Toyotomi Hideyoshi unify Japan.
1603: Tokugawa Leyasu, named shogun, established his shogun in Edo.
1613: Ban on Christianity. Practitioners faced the death penalty.
1639: Complete closure of the country to foreigners, however, relations were maintained with Holland and China in Nagasaki (on the island of Dejima).
1853: The American Commodore Perry came to Uraga (the black boat)
1854: Treaty of friendship Japan-US
1855: treaty of friendship Japan – France
1867: Advent of the Emperor Meiji (Meiji Restoration). Restoration of political power to the imperial throne.
1868: Transfer of the capital to Tokyo (formerly Edo)
1868: Establishment of the prefectures
1872: Decision of the education system. Adoption of the school calendar.
1889: Promulgation of the Constitution of the Great Japanese Empire.
1894 to 1895: Sino-Japanese War. Treaty of Shimonseki
1905: War against Russia. Japan was rewarded notably by getting Korea and Taiwan.
1910: Annewation of Korea to Japan
1923: Great Kanto earthquake ofSeptember 1, 1923
1925: Act on universal suffrage
1931: Invasion of Manchuria
1937 to 1945: Sino-Japanese war
1940: Tripartite Pact withGermany and Italy
1941: War in the Pacific andPearl Harbor
1945: August 6, 1945, the first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima – August 99, 1945, the second atomic bomb was dropped onNagasaki (Start of the occupation ofJapan by the Allies – Unconditional surrender ofJapan onAugust 15, 1945.
1946: Promulgation of the Japanese Constitution
1950-1953: Korean War
1951: Treaty of San Francisco that ended the occupation of Japan by the Allies
1964: Launch of the Shinkansen (high speed train) and the Tokyo Olympics games
1965: Nippon-Korean basic treaty
1972:Okinawa is returned toJapan by the American
1978: Peace treaty signed with China
1990’s: economic bubble burst, the beginning of political instability. The “lost” years of Japan.
1995: Great Earthquake of Hanshin-Awaji,Kobe (about 6000 people died)
1995: Sarin gas attack inTokyo subway
2011: Great Earthquake and tsunami in the Tohoku area onMarch 11, 2011. The Tsunami created a nuclear issue of great importance in Fukushima.
In all these dates in History of Japan, I want to say that we must retain some as key dates or dates that have marked a watershed in the History of this country, including modern times. Here are the ones I would remember:
- 1639: the closure of the country to foreigners
- 1853: the famous black boat, the American Commodore Perry arrives in Japan
- 1868: transfer of the capital toTokyo and start of the Meiji era
- 1923: the Great Earthquake of Kanto, which killed tens of thousands of people, especially inTokyo
- 1931: Invasion of Manchuria
- 1941: beginning of the Pacific war with the attack onPearl Harbor
- 1945: nuclear bombing ofHiroshima andNagasaki,Japan’s defeat in World War 2
- 1946: Promulgation of the Constitution of Japan
- 1951: The treaty of San Francisco which means the departure of the allies of Japan
- 1995: Great Earthquake inKobe
- 2011: Great Earthquake in Tohoku, accompanied by a tsunami and theFukushima nuclear issue